Beginning in the Renaissance, the belief in the non-existence of a personal God grew in an unprecedented way. Provoked by the methodic doubt of René Descartes, to the attack against the miraculous by David Hume, to the impossibility of attaining a real knowledge (noumena) by Immanuel Kant, to the questioning of the objectivity of language… Read More Has the Gardener showed up?
Few weeks ago, a friend of mine who happens to be a colleague arrived at work at a strange time. At least, strange for me, since he usually arrives for work at around ten in the morning. But on that day, something different happened – he arrived at nine. Our work will last only for… Read More Does God only exist to inspire us?
There is a debate about the role of science to the role of theology. (i) One camp thinks that both disciplines are impossible to reconcile, that is, either you (1a) accept science as objective and dismiss theology as opinion, or (1a) accept theology as objective and dismiss science as opinion. In other words, we should never regard both… Read More Book Review: One World: The interaction of Science and Theology
Time and time again and we have seen the progress of science, not to mention its benefits towards humanity. Centuries have passed, and discoveries after discoveries gave us a better picture of the world that we live in. In fact, it even corrected some of our beliefs about the world. And it promises us that there… Read More Will the all-knowing Science please stand up?
In the previous post, I’ve narrated about two aspects (out of the five), namely the struggle for power and the dream of a better world, which I thought to be necessary in understanding who Marx personally was, that is, far beyond his celebrated writings and pronouncements. This kind of inquiry, I believe, is important because Marx was… Read More Who was Marx personally: A brief history of a mean-spirited private life (Part 2)
Concerning ourselves with the thinkers of the modern times, Karl Marx (1818-1883), arguably, had the most impact on actual or concrete revolutions towards politics and, to how we might live (at least globally). Moreover, his ideas impacted “as well [the] minds of men and women, than any other intellectual in modern times,” says the renowned… Read More Who was Marx personally: A brief history of a mean-spirited private life.
In the beginning of the twentieth century, the atheists movement got hold on a different avenue of popularity. They became to what is now called The New Atheists. Although they have no new arguments, the only difference they have from the previous skeptics was their attitude. They are far more aggressive, far more militant, and… Read More Keith Ward’s take on The New Atheism
Very often, we usually get defensive when we encounter disputes concerning religious matters. That is our usual response, especially to those whom we disagree the most. In result of having those kind of conversations, we usually hear someone pulling out the defensive one-liner: “We need to respect other religions!” But we have to admit it. For… Read More What do we mean by saying “we need to respect other religions?”
Do we need to have a sufficient evidence in order to believe something to be the case? Is it irrational to believe anything on insufficient evidence? Philosopher W. K. Clifford (1845-1879) argued it to be case, and called it the ethics of belief. “It is wrong always, everywhere and for anyone, to believe anything upon insufficient evidence” (Clifford… Read More It is irrational to believe anything on insufficient (or the lack) evidence?
One of the greatest thinkers in Christendom who ever lived was Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274). He was a prominent scholastic philosopher in the Medieval period, where philosophers wrote very systematically. In his treatise on the existence of God (in his work Summa Theologica), he began by pointing out the aim of the Scripture as “to teach the knowledge of God,… Read More God exists — Thomas Aquinas’ Five Ways